Exploring Developmental Pathways for Permaculture Designers with Jason Gerhardt (E25)

I’m sure you’ll enjoy this rich, deep yet lively second conversation with Jason Gerhardt (first chat was here). Jason directs the USA’s Permaculture Institute and Real Earth Design. As it turns out we continue exploring the ordering framework I introduced in Episode 24.

Here’s the framework diagram, slightly updated thanks to a suggestion from Bill Reed. Or download as pdf here.

Oh yeah I also mention this recent recreate of Making Permaculture Stronger’s purpose that Joel Glanzberg helped me with and that uses the pattern I explored with Bill Reed here:

MPS inspires creative exploration and dialogue around permaculture design in a way that develops our ability to think and act creatively as and with community to effect the large scale systemic change we need.

Oh yeah Jason mention this amazing white paper on the four levels of Regenerative Agriculture by Ethan Roland Soloviev & Gregory Landua. I can’t believe I haven’t read this yet. Do check it out if you’ve not seen it and leave a comment telling me what you make of it.

I also mentioned the Permaculture Home Garden by Linda Woodrow.

Bringing it all together in just. one. diagram. (Part Eleven of Eleven) – Generative Transformation is part of what it means for Permaculture Design to come back to Life

Here I’ll wrap up and declare this series done. I explained at the beginning that:

The diagram introduces and suggests a name for a space that I believe is permaculture’s core businesshome territory or primary purpose. While no doubt the language can be improved, I’m tentatively calling this space generative transformation. As we’ll see, generative transformation is a way of going about doing or creating anything, be it a garden, farm, organisation, livelihood, or life.

Where my intention was to argue that…

…to the extent it identifies with the bottom-left part of the diagram (what I call fabricated assembly) permaculture diminishes its potential. The invitation and the challenge of this framework is actively exploring pathways toward the top-right. Toward generatively transforming whole systems in life-enhancing directions

In the course of the ten preceding posts about this, I have said all I need to say (probably more than). Here, after a brief lead-in I’ll sign off with a few closing reflections.

Brief Lead-In

I mean it is all so simple really. Permaculture says it aspires to mimic nature.1

What this really means, I believe, is that it aspires for us humans to drop back into being the life we already are and in that sense to drop back into being alive.2 At the very least, I’m sure we can agree that the rest of life creates itself via generative transformation, or that generative transformation is the most accurate way of framing what the rest of life is and does as far as the terms of reference the chart has to offer. There are no master plans.3 There are no concept plans. There are no parts separate from wholes. There are no wholes seperate from parts. Period. I mean, just watch a tree germinate and grow…

…or a tadpole coming into being from a zygote…

Tell me what you see, what you feel as you watch these. You will have just described an instance of generative transformation.

Now, for those closing reflections.

Generative Transformation is Applicable Everywhere

One thing that happens in this space is that designing stops being something separate from life, something we do in advance, something that we do only in a professional capacity. Generative transformation can apply to everything we do. To every space or landscape we work with. To every day we live, to our life as a whole. To how we show up as parents, as partners, as colleagues. To how we develop our own homes and all the spaces we inhabit, to how we plan and roll out parties, courses, any and all kinds of events. We even tried this kind of thing out with our wedding!

This was a shock to me when it landed some years back. To realise there wasn’t this specific set of skills I turned on and off as I arrived and left my work as a permaculture designer. To realise that in every situation I am ever part of I can choose to be alive to the wholes-and-their-parts I am participating in. I can choose to be alive to my intentions with regard to these wholes, and I can choose to be and act in ways that honour what is already there while drawing it out and developing it so as to add, enhance, increase its life and beauty and function and flow.

Everything you do, every process you are part of, everything you help create, can be located somewhere within the nine portions of this diagram. I’d love to hear about your experiences, but I’d wager that the more alive the process felt, the more connected and respectful it felt, the more it flowed and the more its outcomes were beautifully adapted to the situation, the more you were approaching the top right corner. The more you were in the space of generatively transforming whole systems in healthy, life-giving, life-enhancing, life-welcoming directions.

Generative Transformation is Easier (and more Fun!)

This is an interesting one. On the one hand it can be really hard to get out of the same old rut of masterplanned assemblies into the flow of generative transformation. On the other, once you have a taste the current kind of drags you along and and in my experience it eventually becomes the easiest option and a non-brainer.

One recent experience that comes to mind is that I was I was using a generative, transformative approach with three lovely clients on thirty lovely acres a month or two back. The two adults are performance artists. We were marking out a new driveway by hauling bales of straw into a line then moving them till they felt right. There was no pens and no paper and certainly no computer screens. As we worked, one of them said something like “hang on a second, this is exactly what we do in working with community members to create a performance!” It was like the penny was dropping as they realised that they were allowed to have that much fun developing their place. It didn’t have to be all serious and where is the master plan and where is the permaculture expert to tell us what do to and that whole kind of act. Actually I just remembered I made a little video that same day:

As far as fun goes, it is a no-brainer. I remember so clearly how much I used to hate having to go home after a consultancy and spend countless hours drawing up detailed plans to deliver back to the client. I actually did it again recently as an experiment for some clients who I failed to talk out of wanting a detailed plan and I tell you it was gruelling. It took all my willpower to force myself to do it (that said I’m not even quite finished, darn it, I had been repressing that fact till now!). To make up all this arbitrary stuff to dazzle them with, knowing they were going to love it and knowing that it was nowhere near as wonderful as what would have been generated if we were generating and transforming rather than fabricating and assembling and partitioning.

After sessions working with generative transformation I feel more alive, more energised, as do the folk I’m working with. Rather than being the expert who needs to manufacture brilliant solutions on the spot, I am a process support team, a facilitator, where so many of the decisions become effortless to make because we make them at the proper time in the unfolding process, rather than attempting too much guesswork up front. All plans are guesses, after all, and master plans are a whole grab bag full of guesses shoved in together. Generative transformation is largely about systematically eliminating guesswork and hence design decision arbitrariness.

Then the sheer satisfaction to have collaborated with others to reveal the most unexpected yet beautiful and perfect steps forward. I mean those of you who know what I am talking about know that it doesn’t get much better than that!

This seat emerged from a spontaneous bout of generative transformation – alive and in-the-moment

Generative Transformation is What Permaculturalists are already doing when they are doing their best stuff

I have said this before, but I want to make it clear that I don’t think that generative transformation is in any way a new thing. It is an attempt to describe not only life’s default operating system, but what already happens when permaculture is at its best. As in generating real, adapted solutions that wrap themselves beautifully into and around the specifics of given situations. The thing is though, I know respected permaculture designers who talk, teach and write about permaculture design as a process of assembly and at most partition-based fabrication who in practice especially at their own places are doing something far more akin to generative transformation! Have any of you noticed this phenomenon? It is like we say what we need to say for professional credibility then when we think no-one is watching we do what it is we really love.

What I am suggesting is why don’t we just do what we really love, ALL THE TIME!

Don’t Leave – Come Back – Permaculture Needs You!

There is a part of me that has something to say to anyone (and I know there are so many of you) who have felt isolated by design, who have felt incompetent because they can’t or don’t draw impressive up-front plans, who have assumed they have nothing to offer to this conversation. What I have to say is this: “please, turn around – please, come back!” Permaculture needs you! Permaculture needs your intuition, it needs your native abilities to observe and be present to the deep patterns at play in any situation. It needs your life and your energy at its core and at its helm. We have so much work to do, and we all need to be collaboratively figuring this journey of humans becoming alive and nested in life again. We need all of us.

Done

Permaculture, meet generative transformation. I’d like to think you’re going to become ever the best of friends.4

Over and out.

Endnotes

Exploring a Framework for Thinking about Permaculture Design in conversation with Meg McGowan (E24)

I’m excited to share here the beginnings of a (Carol Sanford inspired) framework in my second conversation with perma-powerhouse Meg McGowan (the first was here). It is a framework I feel is going to inform much of Making Permaculture Stronger’s evolution moving forward. Here is a preliminary sketch laying it out as a starting point to crash test and improve together (or download as pdf file here). Huge thanks to Meg for taking the time to help me share and start developing it. Oh yes in this episode I also share my brand new project Designing for Life that will be developing in conversation with Making Permaculture Stronger moving forward. Exciting times my friends, exciting times!

Visit Meg’s blog here, the interview on the other podcast she mentioned here (episode three), her pyramid of wisdom here (note: compare with this). You can also go listen to the mentioned chats with Carol Sanford and Joel Glanzberg and Bill Reed by clicking on their names (where you’ll find further links to their sites and work). Finally, if you would consider supporting Making Permaculture Stronger financially, then visit our support page and mega-thanks in advance for what you are making possible in terms of supporting and fast-tracking the evolution of permaculture’s wildly exciting potential in the world.

Bringing it all together in just. one. diagram. (Part Ten of Eleven) – If you’re designing for life, Transformation isn’t Optional – But Sometimes Fabricating is Fine

Before I bring this diagram/chart series home and tuck it into bed, there is a subtle nuance I want to try and convey.

It is this. First, in my opinion, once we have a feel for what is meant by transforming, there is no reason to ever devolve back to only assembling or only partitioning. Transforming transcends and includes both these things (read more about this here). As far as I can see it will always support a deeper and more rounded appreciation of the whole being worked within, and thus the uncovering of better, more adapted steps in the design and creation process.

Second, the axis going from fabrication through hybrid to generative is different. Why? Because there are times when you’ll draw concept plans, and there are times when you’ll draw detailed plans. There is nothing in any of this suggesting anything inherently wrong with drawings! Heck, I draw things all the time.

Indeed, I have discovered that generative transformation is almost more an attitude than a specific set of practices to do or not do (such as draw plans up front). Sometimes when I work with generative transformation I use drawings, sometimes I don’t.

In prior posts I have given examples of both hybrid transformation and generative transformation in which drawings played their role (either a concept design or simple a sketch of the next thing to be implemented).

An Example of, err, Generatively Fabricated Transformation

I’ll now give you a different example, one where I consciously fabricated a detailed plan. About three years back I took on a commission (ongoing) to design all the green spaces for a 700-apartment suburban development.1 Rooftops, podiums, streetscapes. I took it on as an experiment in seeing how far I could push my process (in a hyper-conventional context with established protocols) toward generative transformation. I didn’t think I’d get so far as I’ve gotten.

Here, detailed up-front drawings were essential. There was no way I could avoid them. They needed them for their promotional brochures. They needed them so the architects could get them into the formal construction master plans for the builders to quote from. They needed them for getting council approval. There was no way I would have got the job if said “sorry, no plans from me.” Even if my ideal scenario would be to wait till the spaces were built, then mock up and hone in on the first thing to install, install it, decide on the next step, and so on.

Now I hope this isn’t too confusing, but while this was on the surface a clear example of a fabricating transformation or C1 (top left in the chart) process, the first place I used the attitude of generative transformation was in how I went about drawing the detailed plans. I used a specific process where I immersed in the intention or what I call the project DNA and what I could access about the actual physical spaces before unfolding the suggested layouts using Christopher Alexander’s pattern language approach to unfold a particular layout. Where I was consciously transforming the space in my mind, on paper, and by mocking up various areas in real space as best I could, and thereby in a sense I’ll discuss more, actually generating the fabrication. Here is what emerged on one pair of rooftops, excluding plants…

…and with plants…

Where even though it was being drawn and not actually made at this stage, each little detail was unfolding out of my grasp of the whole situation and what had unfolded before (in a carefully laid out unfolding sequence). Which contrasts dramatically with how the prior landscape architects had used full-blown fabricating attitude and reality to come up with…

To me this is a very clear example of what I mean by fabricated assembly or A1 (in this case so blatant that it is perhaps one reason these designers were dismissed before I was brought in). Even though I was clearly fabricating, it is like, as I suggested above, that I was generating the fabrication. It is like there is a whole other order to these ideas, where there can be fabricated fabrications, generated fabrications, fabricated hybrids, generated hybrids, and so on. There may even be fabricated generations! Yes, it is confusing, but as Bill Reed says, life is complex. So dig in!

Back to the plans I developed, here are the construction diagrams…

…and 3D renders for promotional purposes…

I trust all this makes it clear I am not suggesting that detailed plans are inherently bad (I still struggle to use the word master plan, however, and I never saw these plans as masters but as required reference points along the way). I see them as risky, yet sometimes essential.

A big part of what made this different from conventional fabrication (aside from how I created the plans) was that I did not then hand over the plans, take my fee and move on. Nor did I treat the plans as something to blindly impose, as some kind of master. I held them very lightly and I chuckled at how seriously everyone else took them. To me they were a loose guide (in that sense they were a hybrid design in a detailed design’s clothing) that I consciously told myself were full of mistakes that I was going to then do my best to weed out as we went along.

Every step of the way, as further information came to light, as the actual spaces were built and I could go visit them, as I saw samples of soil and mulch and paving options etc, the plans were changed to better fit the emerging reality. I spent countless hours mocking up and imagining different shaped and sized planters when it came time to lock these things in. I injected as much life, as much generation as I could into what happened after I drew the plans (which are now up to something like version 20).

Indeed, a non-negotiable condition of my accepting the job was that the builder and landscaper would be contractually obliged to have me supervise and sign off on each part of the gardens as they were built.

Here is a shot from last week showing these rooftops and another, smaller rooftop where you can see the initial garden planters going in…

Which brings me back to my point. Transformation is a no-brainer, yet sometimes, fabricating is fine. It is all about how you create your fabricated drawings and then the specific role those drawings play in the rest of the process. Indeed, I believe it would be quite possible for a process using detailed upfront plans to more authentically honour the spirit of generative transformation than an approach avoiding any plans and yet doing so from the mindset or attitude of fabricated assembly (and/or winging it).

If you are confused right now, I am sorry. Do ask me questions in the comments below and let’s inch down this rabbit hole a little further together. I trust you can see why I felt I needed to share this.

I should also share that one thing I don’t want this to land as is me saying “actually, I take it back, whatever you are doing with master plans, that’s fine, keep going and maybe just think more about transforming wholes than assembling parts.” That is not what I’m saying. I am still challenging myself and others to ask whether and to what extent upfront plans are required or appropriate. Then, if they are, both how they are created and how they feed into what follows.2

Anyways, this version of the chart shows the zone and the rough sort of allocation of time in each zone that in my opinion befits a permaculture really grabbing ahold of and developing its potential. It is true of how I’m working lately. Always transforming, mostly straight-out generating, sometimes drawing up front concept plans, occasionally up-front detailed plans (though always with a generative attitude).

Over and out, and catch you in the next and final post in this series. It has been fun, though I tell you I’m looking forward to getting stuck into the rather exciting layers of what appears to want to emerge next 🙂

Note – I thank Jason Gerhardt (USA) who in many ways inspired this post. Either in episode 25 or 26 of the podcast you’ll hear Jason and I talking about this stuff – a talk that happened before I wrote this, even though this is coming out first. I also thank Finn Weddle (UK) and Emma Morris (NZ) for helping me decide to pull this chunk out of the upcoming final post in the series which will be much tighter as a result. Huge thanks also to Making Permaculture Stronger’s latest several patrons for supporting this work!

Endnotes

Bill Reed on Aligning around Purpose, Levels of Thought, and Transforming the World (E23)

Hey all. In this episode I share my second conversation with Bill Reed from Regenesis Group and the Regenerative Practitioner Seminar (our first chat is here). It is a conversation I highly recommend in which we look in detail at several aspects of how the rubber hits the road in the regenerative development or living systems approach Bill works with.

I also get a bunch of things off my chest at the start around bumping this whole conversation up a notch and inviting your input into where and how Making Permaculture Stronger evolves from here. Hope to hear from you (whether via a few bucks via our patreon page and/or your reflections and suggestions in the comments below or through the contact page).

I have to say all this focus on the likes of Bill and Joel Glanzberg and Carol Sanford is starting to rub off on me. I have noticed that the language I use is on the move, the thoughts I think are on the move, and even my entire understanding of what the heck Making Permaculture Stronger is and could be about are on the move! Heed this warning my friends: these people are dangerous radicals who consciously mess with minds. As Bill says, they see what they do as a mental technology that is intended to frustrate and destabilise you out of your automatic patterns.

Bill mentions this article by Jonah Lehrer in the New Yorker, I mention possibility management, and you can find out more about Regenesis Group here and Carol Sanford here.

Example Purpose Statements including Function, Being, and Will

As promised, here are the function, being, and will based purpose statements Bill shared:

The Yestermorrow design / build school’s purpose is to learn together through shared inquiry and hand-on experience the ways of making human habitat… (function)

…in a way that expands our understanding of who we are and how to live in beneficial interrelationship with the earth and each other… (being)

…so that we all can thrive in a world with limited resources and unlimited potential (will)

and

I’m going to take raw ingredients and transform them into a meal for my family… (function)

…in a way that we sit down with our children and share our love for each other, or at least our daily events around the table… (being)

…so that our children have the psychological wellbeing and nourishment to grow into responsible adults (will)

As a recap the function aspect is about what are we doing and transforming?

The being aspect is how do we want to be and what do we need to become to do this? Or as Joel Glanzberg has put it to me, what are the capacities to Be you are aiming to develop during this task?

The will aspect is what is the larger field we wish to shift or positively impact? As Bill put it this is like asking what is the purpose of the purpose?

Keep in mind also, if you can handle it at this stage (I barely can!) that Bill talked about paying attention to the so called three lines of work at function, then again at being, then again at will. The three lines of work are the immediate whole you are working with (might be you, or your school garden), the proximate whole (might be your team, or the school community) and the greater whole that you envisage being able to positively impact through your work (might be the farm, or the community the school is nested within).

Here’s a preliminary attempt I made at an upgraded purpose statement for Making Permaculture Stronger:1

Making Permaculture Stronger exists to hold a unique space for intelligent, collegial, and rigorous inquiry and dialogue into the subject of permaculture design process… (function)

…in a way that respectfully honors permaculture’s incredible depth and value and openly explores ways its potential might be more fully and rapidly developed… (being)

…so that it continues to thrive, grow and evolve in its ability to contribute positively to humanity and the earth (will)

After some reflections on this from Joel Glanzberg (thanks Joel!), I tried:

Making Permaculture Stronger holds space for intelligent, respectful, collaborative exploration and dialogue into permaculture as a socio-ecological design science… (function)

…in a way that is alive, authentic, inclusive and yet gently disruptive… (being)

…so that it continues to thrive, grow and evolve in its ability to contribute positively to humanity and the earth (will)

Running this past Joel he came back with what I consider an excellent example of cutting to the chase. This fully resonates with my understanding of why MPS exists, and it is so much more clear, concrete and direct (how much punchier is the ending! YES!):

MPS inspires creative exploration and dialogue around permaculture design… (function)

…in a way that develops our ability to think and act creatively as a community… (being)

…to enable permaculture practitioners to effect the large scale systemic change we need (will)

Here is another example Joel and I worked on after a session with an organic farming co-op:

The purpose of our co-op is to continue to develop and articulate an agro-ecological cooperative system that grows our businesses and the health of the land… (function)

in a way that inspires and enables others to do the same… (being)

...so that we can build the health of the foodshed, food sovereignty and a viable option for the future of aging farmers and their land (will)

Here is an example Joel and I worked on after a session with staff at my kid’s Steiner school where I’m helping facilitate the garden redesign process:

The purpose of the garden is to enable children to experience the magic of elemental alchemy with their heads, hearts and hands… (function)

…in a way that inspires them to use this way of being and learning through their entire lives… (being)

…so that the school community and beyond are imbued with abundant life and health (will)

In this case Joel also suggested a few example principles which then act as guides to decision making:

  • Ensure all four elements are present throughout the garden in transparent ways
  • Inspire mystery through containment, separation and creating intimate spaces
  • Make the gardens places of ease, comfort and excitement
  • Everything is child scale

I sincerely hope these examples help.

Levels of Thought

The levels of thought thing Bill shared was:

beliefphilosophyprinciples


conceptstrategiesdesign


implementauditevaluate

Where do you usually start?

Endnotes

Jascha Rohr on the Cocreation Foundation (E22)

Jascha Rohr, Oldenberg, Germany, July 19, 2019

In this episode (recorded July 19) Jascha Rohr returns to catch us up on his recent, current and upcoming adventures in taking healthy generative process and applying it to cocreating new modes of global governance!

Check out the Cocreation Foundation here, our last chat here, and Jascha and Sonia’s amazing article on their field process model here.

You can sign up to the Cocreation Foundation’s e-newsletter here and check out their youtube channel here. In this clip Jascha fleshes out something we discussed during our chat:

Jascha also shared a white paper for the Cocreation Foundation’s Global Resonance Project you can download as a pdf and read here or by clicking the image below.

Here is a link to the book by Hanzi Freinacht’s book The Listening Society that Jasha mentioned.

Oh yes, I make mention in the chat of a few complementary approaches that have been rocking my world lately, namely the work of Carol Sanford (who I interviewed here), Regenesis group (which includes Joel Glanzberg and Bill Reed) along with Possibility Management (created by Clinton Callahan who I interviewed here).

Enjoy and catch up with you in episode 22.

Carol Sanford on loving people, seeing their potential and showing them how to do big things…

So I recently conveyed to Carol Sanford some of the (on and offline) reactions to the podcast chat I recently enjoyed with her:

Our podcast chat created a fantastic stir and much interest. Your comment about humans not being part of nature created much confusion/consternation and a few folk have wondered about your choice to work with some of the big companies you’ve worked with

Dan Palmer in personal email to Carol Sanford – July 28, 2019

I’m grateful for Carol’s taking the time to write this characteristically feisty reply, which I hope will stimulate further productive dialogue in the comments below:

Nature: People get very confused by Nature being the preeminent real idea. They don’t understand Living Systems as preeminent and all Life is embedded, nested Life working as nested systems. There are many different living forms nested in Life. Nature is an abstraction. I DARE YOU! Show me IT, nature that is, as a whole. Where is it? Living systems is what I am working with and teaching others to see. There is no Nature you can point to. But Lifesheds (watersheds) you can. Animals (of which we are one also nested in Living Systems) you can. Indigenous people have words for life not for an abstraction called nature. They are very concrete and real. Western Europeans invented the abstraction and exported it. 

Source: Environmentalists produced a lot of passion as well confusion along with it by talking in abstractions without giving any concrete ways to work with it. ‘Don’t touch it, leave it alone to heal and restore.’ We are a working part of living systems and have work to do. We have to learn our work in the system.  Nature does not really exist. But Biota, Soil, Mammals are all real things. Abstractions let us come up with abstract ways to work on things. Like reduce carbon footprint. That is an effect on real things, but an abstraction and people can’t grasp it for that reason.

Plus, most “best practices” to work on sustainability are abstractions, not regenerative approaches based on the working of Living Systems. Start with a real concrete being. Humans are one of those nested in Life, in Living Systems. “Environment” itself is another abstract distortion. Environment is an anthropocentric concept. “Our” Environment! Listeners who said this are listening to me through a paradigm that is filled with abstraction. My work is about the concrete and about building the mind that stops using abstractions and gets real. It starts with Living systems as the preeminent whole and then nested wholes all the way down, as native peoples do. It is always specific place sourced.  Abstract ideas from the Environmentalist Era are slowing down our getting to work on Life being able to live from potential.

Working with Big Business: Get those folks to Look at the results I created in Business. Like leading to the founding of the UN Global Compact with Chad Holliday, Chair/cEO at Dupont. And stopping deep water injection well by writing and lobbying for regulation, and creating Freon replacement as an open source unpatented offering, so no other county created its own Freon when DuPont stopped making it. That is what would happen. People have to see the working of systems and find the node to move it, not protest and shout against it. 

Blind spot: Making some people bad, rather than realising it is a capability that is needed. That is a cognitive bias that slows down our ability to educate the powerful players that need to move. I don’t work with Big Business. I find one leader ready to learn and learn, (Chad Holliday, Jeffrey Hollender, Michiel Bakker at Google)  in a powerful position who wants to do HUGE things and I work with them for decades. Holliday stoped the drilling in the Arctic when he took over as Shell Chairman. He learned to do that at DuPont. He would not have had that capability and mindset without working with the Regenerative Technology for 2 decades and supporting others learning to think that way, across broad swarths of Dupont.

Loving people, seeing their potential and showing them how to do big things is the most important work. Working with the already converted is easy and usually comes from polarized thinking (you choice who is worth helping learn to think systemically and label the others as evil). That is the real stuck spot.  That is no better than those evil guys – by offering their judgmental projections – made by people who think we should shun Big Business. Uneducated leaders in all business sizes will kill us if we don’t educate them. Mission Driven businesses are undermining democracy by how they manage people. Most are gentle command and control. I wrote The Regenerative Business to wake up the well-intended businesses to their disruption of social systems.  Should I not work with them since that is bad? Laws and policy are a slow path. Shifting the mind is the fast path.  Ignoring and judging is arrogance and ineptitude. 

Post that on your site.

Take Risks—Discern Systems Working

Carol

Carol Sanford in personal email to Dan Palmer – June 29, 2019

Would love to hear your thoughts about all this. I am finding myself rather partial to Carol’s disruptive style and I am learning things from her and her colleagues that are both disrupting and enriching my work in permaculture design. Yes, I will try and get a post together sharing these things some time soon.

Meantime don’t miss Fraser’s recent review of Carol’s book No More Feedback, I’d recommend checking out Carol’s seven principles of regeneration either here or here, and if anyone else wants to submit a review of any of her books, videos, or podcasts, then please, be my guest!

Go ahead, make a comment, let me know how all this is landing for you. Let me know what is helpful and what isn’t. Let me know what or who you’d like to see more of moving forward. Let me know how you think I could do a better job of making permaculture stronger. I will listen, I promise!

Bill Reed: Staying in the Game of Evolution (E21)

Photo by Peter Casamento

On June 28th, 2019, I recorded this chat with my friend Bill Reed from Regenesis Group. A close colleague of my last two guests Carol Sanford and Joel Glanzberg, Bill is an internationally recognised practitioner, lecturer, and leading authority in sustainability and regenerative planning, design and implementation. You can see a short bio for Bill here (or listen to me read it out in the intro).

Thanks to Bill for passing on the below resources and I will record a second chat with him soon to continue tracking down the intriguing and, well, kinda deep body of work he, Carol and Joel all represent.

Articles

Click to download as pdf these articles either by or about Bill’s work:

Videos

Knock yourself out!

Education

Find out more about The Regenerative Practitioner training here.

Peter Kopp on the Mapping the Design Process series

Note from Dan: Big thanks to Peter for contributing these great reflections.

So I sent Dan an email with a few diagrams and ideas about my thoughts regarding his ‘Mapping the Design Process’ series. He gave me some generous encouragement to continue along my line of thinking and asked me if I’d like to write a guest blog. I agreed…

… then I crapped myself. 

I mean, unlike other guest bloggers here, or Dan’s podcast guests, I’m a permaculture design nobody. Who on earth would be interested in my ideas. I’m a one client (me) designer with no experience designing for others, and no ambitions to do so. But at least I’ve been involved in one permaculture design. I ain’t never written a blog before though so I don’t know how this is going to go.

So that’s the expectation management taken care of, now let’s get on with it.

I got excited by this:

Yes Finn. YES!!!

As soon as I saw Finn’s diagram positioning nature way off the limits of the chart I felt that it was correct. It just feels right. It also presents a problem to those of us who hope to design systems in alignment with nature because the closest we can hope to get, based on what we have so far articulated on the axes of the chart – what we currently comprehend – is the extreme top right of the generative transformation box (C3). And that is a long way short of where we hope to get to. So how do we continue to progress beyond the current limits?

One way is to continue exploring both our understanding of whole-part relations, and design-implementation relations. To expand each of the axes. Discover new ways of understanding, thinking and doing. By doing this we move the extreme limits of the chart closer to nature and give ourselves room to progress further in nature’s direction. These new ways must exist, because even where Finn has placed nature it still has an x-y coordinate on the chart – out at Z26 or beyond. From where I sit even getting to D4 seems remote. I’m still struggling to fully come to terms with the idea of Transforming – I’m at best a generative partitioner  – and I can’t imagine what on earth increment 4 on the x-axis (beyond Generating) and point D on the y-axis (beyond Transforming) would be. But I do think they exist. D4 exists, E5 exists, and so it goes. There may already be those who have expanded the boundaries of the chart, and eventually more and more of us will move there. As we develop new understandings we will almost certainly have to develop new language to describe them, because our current language represents our current understanding and may not be adequate to articulate new fields of understanding, thinking, and doing.

I also believe there is a limit to how far we can go. I don’t think that we can ever understand – fully, partially, or even at all – each of the steps needed to extend the axes of the chart out to nature’s coordinates. Maybe it is because we are merely a whole within a whole within a whole etc. all the way out to Nature – the ultimate whole. Nature has the full understanding, and each of the wholes within only a portion of the understanding. Or only their own form of the understanding. But despite our ignorance we can still look at Finn’s diagram and feel that it is right. We can see where nature lies despite the blank spaces along the x and y axes. The feeling of how to get there, if not the specific understanding, is in us. Here is how I have tried to draw that feeling – the forces/signposts/vibes that lead us to nature’s way:

I was initially thinking of force fields that push/pull us towards nature and the lines in my diagrams were intended to depict lines of force. But I started to think of them more as signposts, which don’t directly impose a force on us but indicate – to those who care to look – the path we need to take. More of a passive signal than an active force, or maybe a combination of the two. For now I’ve decided to call it Nature’s Vibe. Whatever it is, I was thinking that it is the required direction of travel that they indicate/exert that is the key, so I was excited to see the comments Dan made about direction of travel and velocity in his post: ‘Mapping the Design Process – Part Nine’. We can understand certain aspects of how to move in the right direction and can’t understand others, but we can relatively easily understand the direction itself because it is a part of us, just as we are a part of it.

The nine part ‘Mapping the Design Process’ conversation represents where we have got to in terms of our understanding of design process. We can do better, but there are limits to our understanding. To move further towards nature’s design process we need to let go of understanding, we need to connect, we need to observe & interact our brains out, we need to become the design, we need to feel the vibe. If we can do that then maybe we can get a bit of this action going on:

I’m a big fan of Jascha Rohr and Sonja Horster’s Field-Process-Model. I believe the ‘Mapping the Design Process’ conversation is leading towards a Field-Process event horizon where who knows what will emerge. We may be closer than I’ve depicted on the above diagram. We may already be there at C3, but my hunch is that we still have at least one more step to take to achieve ‘immergence’. And I don’t think it will be a deliberate, logical, thoughtful step. I believe it will be something different. Something spiritual? Something very hard to put a finger on. That’s the vibe I’m getting.

Thanks Dan for allowing me to contribute. I’ll see you all in the emergence.

On the topic of a practical, commercially viable permaculture design process with Artūrs Freijs

Hey all. A month or two back I was written by Artūrs Freijis from Latvia:

Hi! 

I have been reading your blog and trying to figure out a replicable permaculture design process that would fit the new understanding you are writing about as well as the current reality of customer expectations as well as finding the most effective way to reach sustainability related design goals. 

My current process that is somehow predictable and commercially viable looks like this: 

1) checking for a good fit of owner’s values, ambitions and resources,
2) sending the owner client interview and asking a number of questions about goals, expectations, needed outcomes regarding yields etc. Asking to draw a simple vision of the land on top of a plan from Google maps. 
3) visiting the site, observing and clarifying the questions,
4) drawing a conceptual zone map of the site and discussing with owners
5) analyzing the sectors and influences on the site
6) creating the map of possibilities (vision that can be realized in 4 years) with my view on optimal placement of all desired elements
7) discussing the possibilities and selecting priorities of design elements to be implemented
8) creating the final vision for the next 4 years

What would be your thoughts on this process? How would you improve it?

Best regards,
Artūrs Freijs

Artūrs was happy for me to reply as a blog post given I’m sure this topic is of interest to fellow permaculture designers out there. So, let us take a look, where I’m hoping other readers will contribute their insights and explorations in the comments too.

First up, it is a great question, right? How do we work professionally as permaculture designers in a way that is true to our best understanding of what permaculture can be and is compatible with client expectations and is commercially viable?

Clarifying Artūrs’ Process

Before replying in this post right here I emailed Artūrs back with a few questions just to clarify which he then responded to:

1) checking for a good fit of owner’s values, ambitions and resources

DP: I think I get you here – checking to make sure they are not entertaining a complete fantasy and that what they are asking for your help with is something that resonates with your own values and is something you feel you can indeed deliver on.

AF: Yes. And it is also important to check if the owner will value the end result enough. I mean, I have had some cases when they want just somebody to come over and suggest a better looking bed of roses. Or something like that – too small or too unambitious for me. Which also means that they are not going to value the end result so much and so are not ready to pay enough for the design service. I definitely need to improve at this point and learn to have a set of questions that can easily diagnose the case and filter the leads. Price is one of the aspects that can filter out those not valuing the service…

2) sending the owner client interview and asking a number of questions about goals, expectations, needed outcomes regarding yields etc. Asking to draw a simple vision of the land on top of a plan from Google maps.

DP: So I get the questions thing but as regards the vision you are asking them to sketch a very rough design layout across the land, is that right?

AF: Yes. I haven’t tried that step with real customers yet though, but will try in the future, because I believe that such a rough sketch can give some input that would otherwise be lost if there is only written or verbal exchange of ideas.

3) visiting the site, observing and clarifying the questions,

DP: You mean clarifying the client’s answers to the questions you already sent is that right?

AF: Yes.

4) drawing a conceptual zone map of the site and discussing with owners

DP: I’d like to know what you mean here – maybe you sharing an example would help? My main question is are you here drawing a draft layout of zones across the property in the sense of zone 1, zone 2, zone 3, zone 4, zone 5? Is that right?

AF: Yes. It is permaculture zones 1-5. Actually I make two maps: the existing situation and the more optimal zoning according to my opinion.

5) analyzing the sectors and influences on the site

DP: got it!

6) creating the map of possibilities (vision that can be realized in 4 years) with my view on optimal placement of all desired elements

DP: got it!

7) discussing the possibilities and selecting priorities of design elements to be implemented

DP: got it!

8) creating the final vision for the next 4 years

DP: got it!

DP: Now before I answer your question about finding a replicable permaculture design process that fits with the stuff I’ve been exploring as well working for clients and being commercially viable I have a question for you: how does this process you’ve described feel to you currently? How is it working out for you and the clients? Are there any issues, or tensions, or particular bits you feel could be better and if so what are they? If you were going to change anything, what would it be?

AF: For me the process feels good, but it will be tweaked for sure as I acquire more experience and cases. The only problem so far has been the difficulty to sell the process. I mean, to explain to the prospective clients that it is needed and will benefit them. Otherwise usually clients ask for certain element like food forest without taking the whole into account. I know, I have to work on that. It will come with the experience I guess. 

Another Question from Dan

One thing I want to be up front about here is the process I am using to inform my comments on Artūrs description of his process approach. The process is what I call generative transformation :-). What this means for me is that I am:

  1. trying to get a feel for the whole of where Artūrs you are in your journey as a permaculture designer as well as for how you’re thinking about what you do or would ideally do, then
  2. sort of gently hone in on any sweet spots or nodal intervention points where a transformation could be made – edges you could experiment with in terms of continuing to evolve toward a way of doing this work that is fulfilling for you, is aligned with your values while adding value to your customers and providing you with a viable livelihood.

Which makes me realise straight away that I’m gong to struggle to offer any meaningful and non-generic suggestions1 until I have a clearer image of your intention, purpose or vision for your work Artūrs. Can you tell me a little about why you are doing this work, about what drives you and most excites you about this stuff? Maybe even if you could tell me what it might look and feel like if this work was truly flowing for you, and feeling as great as you can imagine it feeling. What kinds of projects would you be taking on? What kinds of people would you be working with? How much of your time would you be investing in this? What percentage of your income would you ideally want to be deriving from this work? Are you interested in being part of implementing as well as designing? And so on. You give me something more to go on with this kind of thing and then I’ll a means of assessing whether any suggestions I might make are consistent with where you actually want to go!

Replied Artūrs:

Yes, so, I aim to support a physical transition of the current city and suburban environmental reality to a nicer and greener one. I believe that the way of doing this is to inspire the wealthy land owners in cities and suburbs by providing a quality permaculture landscape designs that are both functional and visually pleasing. There are a few trends that can be used like local and slow food, zero waste or the slowly raising awareness of dry summers (in Riga).

The tricky part might be to distinguish my work from the usual landscape architect work. Especially when it comes to addressing the wealthiest landowners, who are typically more interested in lawns and fountains than permaculture landscapes. The ideal situation would be to establish trust and rank within the wealthy class to provide the permaculture designing. And then it could generate all the income needed for my minimalist lifestyle. At the moment I design as a side hustle, but would love to do it all the time.

Although I would love to implement all my designs, from a strategic point of view it is better to not do that (I have heard). But I would be happy to at least supervise the implementation process. Normally permaculture gardens are being implemented by landowners, but it could be different working with the wealthy class, so some supervision would make even more sense. 

You might wonder why I am so focused on the wealthy? Because I believe that the strong and influential should lead the way for a wider society. And in addition to flying private jets and driving big cars, they should at least start a nice permaculture garden as the first step.  That would also leave a bigger impact on surrounding society in my opinion. In the ideal workflow, I could easily communicate the rather untraditional and ambitious design solutions with the client. And the whole process should be like a well designed discussion so that the possible misunderstandings are being addressed in a timely way without asking too much of effort from the landowner. The process should also stretch the imagination of landowner and help to arrive at an ambitious but doable goal. 

Finally, Some Actual Reflections from Dan

Thanks for bearing with me Artūrs. So you want to

  • make your living by helping to transform city and suburban environments in permaculture directions in a way that uses the least effort for the greatest effect, where…
  • …right now you see providing permaculture design services to wealthy private clients as a way of realising the above because
    • they have money by definition meaning you can charge them reasonably well towards making your living from this, and
    • you see the wealthy as a nodal intervention (acupuncture) point in that if they weave permaculture in amongst their lawns and fountains, others will be inspired to follow
  • where your greatest difficulty is selling the process as in communicating its value to potential customers

Fair enough.2 So what I’ll do now is make a few comments based on my understanding of the design process framework you’re proposing to use, and the goal you are striving toward. Then we’ll see if anyone else out there has anything to add, what your thoughts are, and we’ll take it from there.

Okay let me look at your process description again:

1) checking for a good fit of owner’s values, ambitions and resources,
2) sending the owner client interview and asking a number of questions about goals, expectations, needed outcomes regarding yields etc. Asking to draw a simple vision of the land on top of a plan from Google maps. 
3) visiting the site, observing and clarifying the questions,
4) drawing a conceptual zone map of the site and discussing with owners
5) analyzing the sectors and influences on the site
6) creating the map of possibilities (vision that can be realized in 4 years) with my view on optimal placement of all desired elements
7) discussing the possibilities and selecting priorities of design elements to be implemented
8) creating the final vision for the next 4 years

What would be your thoughts on this process? How would you improve it?

I’ll pull out steps that I have something to say about then share some things that pop into my mind:

2) sending the owner client interview and asking a number of questions about goals, expectations, needed outcomes regarding yields etc. Asking to draw a simple vision of the land on top of a plan from Google maps.

One thing that jumps out as a possible risk for me is the idea of inviting the owners to draw a “simple vision of the land on top of a plan from Google maps” before you even get there. In my experience this is especially true of clients who, when they happen to be very wealthy, also tend to be very used to coming up with ideas on the spot then throwing money at someone to make them happen.

The risk in asking them to start designing is that they have some ideas they get attached to where this becomes all they want to talk about when you show up. Where you are then setting yourself up to potentially expend a lot of effort trying to politely tell them that their idea sucks and won’t work and will be a waste of money. In my experience, the longer you can hold yourself and the clients back from starting to draw out a design on paper, the better.3

While I have colleagues who send out a questionnaire in advance I never do this any more. I want to ask them questions face-to-face and watch their body language as well as what they say. I want to see how organised their space is, what they like to have around them in their home, what books they have on their book shelf. I want to get to know them as well as I can toward customising whatever happens with their place to their unique individuality. You could always take the checklist with you and go through it with them rather than sending it out first?

Something else I’ll mention here is striving to get as deep as feasible into what they are really after, then helping them articulate that in a compelling way that excites them. Which is exactly what you’re getting at when you speak of “stretching the imagination of landowner and help to arrive at an ambitious but doable goal.” Indeed, I prefer to meet clients away from the property the first time to focus on this. Unless you can get to something that really fires them up the risk is they lose motivation moving forward as the novelty of this new permaculture ‘hobby’ wears off.

A huge part of this phase of the process going well comes down to your own self confidence, by the way. The clients need to feel safe in being able to trust that you know what you’re doing and are not going to screw their perfectly nice lawn and fountains up (such that their friends make fun of them for relying on a hair-brained permaculture hippie :-)). Where your authentic confidence is in turn fed by your demonstrated competence, as in the demonstrated ability to be able to do the sort of thing you’re proposing to them. Which makes me think about the possibility of doing whatever it takes to get a project going, even if as a volunteer, or where you say “pay me whatever it is worth to you when we’re done” or something like that. Once this is behind you, your issue of selling the process may just well evaporate in a puff of all the neighbours yelling “hey, we want you to do for us what you did for them!”

4) analyzing the sectors and influences on the site

First up I’d suggest it makes more sense to do this before the next bit, so I’ve reversed your 4 & 5. Second this step4 flashed by a bit quick for me. I feel like I want to add something like immerse deeply in the site and really get to know it as a whole.

5) drawing a conceptual zone map of the site and discussing with owners

I think the idea of zones has its place, for sure. So think of it more as a food for thought item when I share that I never map zones in the design and development processes I am part of. There just always seems to be something more relevant and useful to do instead I guess. Sure, in the process the things that need attention the oftenest end up the nearest to the energy centre (I like someone’s summary of the zoning idea as “oftenest nearest”).5

I guess I should say something to the question this might prompt of “then what the heck do you do then, Palmer?” Well, one alternative heuristic is Yeoman’s Scale of Permanence. I customise this to fit the situation but it does often work out that we focus (after climate and landform) on water then access then trees. So this would be something to consider trying instead here – drawing a concept plan ordered around a project-appropriate scale of permanence. You may already know that Darren Doherty is probably the global authority on this approach what with his Regrarians Platform.

6) creating a map of possibilities (vision that can be realized in 4 years) with my view on optimal placement of all desired elements

A quick note here is not forgetting to simultaneously zoom out and make sure that the fabric or flow or texture of the site as a whole is unfolding in a beautiful, harmonic way. Often times in our obsessive focus on getting the elements assembled right we neglect the shape and feel of the whole. Where it is the shape of the whole and the negative spaces between the elements that largely how good a place looks and feels. And the better it looks and feels, then the happy your customer, and the more enthusiasticall they’ll recommend you to their friends!

8) creating the final vision for the next 4 years

So this is where I starting getting nervous Artūrs. As you’ll know if you’ve read pretty much any of posts in the last year or so, I don’t like the idea of a final vision. First, it is never final. Second, when we focus on drawing then realising a vision, we too quickly lose track of the underlying intention the vision is supposed to be in service of, and we almost inevitably fall into one of two traps. Either we:

  • Realise the vision (which is a trap because if we somehow were able to impose a vision that was finalised four years ago we definitely missed the multiple times that reality suggested a better next step to take and we ignored it in favour of the vision).
  • Don’t realise the vision (which means we potentially wasted a lot of time creating it)

So I would suggest, Artūrs, the possibility of deleting this step and replacing it with something like “helping identify the best next step based on the concept plan and the current reality of the site and the people, then supervising its implementation.” Just an idea – take it with a grain of salt. Though I can’t count how many designers who have told me of the disillusionment they feel when after years of selling final visions / master plans they realise that the clients never got around to implementing them or tried and completely stuffed them up.6

Summary

Okay Artūrs you asked my opinion and you got it. Based on my own experience working as a professional permaculture designer and my understanding of where you are at and where you are heading I’d throw this suggested transformation of your existing process description at you:

1) checking for a good fit of owner’s values, ambitions and resources,
2) interviewing the client and asking a number of questions about goals, expectations, needed outcomes regarding yields etc.
3) visiting the site, observing and clarifying the questions,
4) immerse deeply in the site and really get to know it as a whole including analyzing the sectors and influences on the site
5) drawing a concept plan (whether zonal or organised around the scale of permanence) of the site and discussing with owners
6) creating a map of possibilities (vision that can be realized in 4 years) with my view on optimal placement of all desired elements and a coherent, harmonious patterning to the site as a whole
7) discussing the possibilities and selecting priorities of design elements to be implemented
8) supervising the implementation of the highest design priority, then circling back to 7, and so on, round and round…

All the best, hope has been something of use in this for your design process adventures Artūrs, and thanks so much for catalysing then co-creating this post together with me.

Endnotes